The College of Political Science at the University of Kufa held a panel discussion entitled (Mechanisms for activating the Iraqi foreign policy in light of the current challenges), where the lecturer was Prof. Dr. Sabah Al-Arid, in the presence of the Dean of the College, Dr. Haider Al-Amiri, and a group of teachers and graduate students.
The episode addressed that the foreign policy positions of any country reflect the nature, image and strength of that country in the international community and its ability to deal with changes, in proportion to the higher interests of that country. Therefore, countries need to define strategic frameworks and general concepts of foreign policy philosophy in order to implement that policy through diplomacy Effective in accordance with constitutional and legal constants.
The geographical space in which Iraq is located, whether at the level of Arab and regional neighbors or at the level of the Middle East region, as well as the political environment and international interests that have become more intertwined and complex, due to the rapid changes between the major countries; Such as the Ukrainian-Russian war and its repercussions on international relations, the escalation of the American conflict on the one hand and the Russian-Chinese on the other, and the Iranian nuclear file and its repercussions on the Arab Gulf region and the Middle East; What requires the maker of the foreign policy of countries, including Iraq, to set clear paths that do not accept diplomatic hesitation or taking sentiment or subsidiary affiliations to determine the compass of foreign positions.
The foreign policy of Iraq after 2003 represents one of the problems in the new democratic political system, as this policy was exposed to determinants that differ from what is customary in other countries to formulate foreign policy. The vision of the person responsible for implementing the public policy, which may be subject to ideological, national, or even personal considerations; What made the foreign policy of Iraq lost the compass.
This study focuses on the principle of balance adopted by the Iraqi governments in their foreign relations after the adoption of the Iraqi constitution in 2005, and the ability of this principle to move Iraq to the stage of external stability and achieve its interests with other countries and to show the factors of success and failure in adopting this principle.