The College of Political Science at the University of Kufa held a panel discussion entitled (The Role of the Middle Euphrates Clans in the Twentieth Revolution), where the lecture was (Mr. Raghad Falah Abd).
Where the episode dealt with the Iraqi clans formed the basis on which the Twentieth Revolution was based, it lasted about four months from July to October 1920, but the Middle Euphrates clans were the most effective and widespread among all parts of Iraq, where religious fatwas had a clear impact in creating an atmosphere Rejecting the British occupation, so we are not surprised by the position of the Euphrates clans, which have always been the deafening ears of the religious authority.
The middle Euphrates clans (Najaf – Karbala – Hilla – Diwaniyah – Samawah) contributed significantly and effectively to the twentieth revolution. .
The arrest of the sheikh of the unjust clan (Shaalan Abu al-Jun) by the British authorities before noon on Friday, June 29, prompted members of his clan to attack the place where Sheikh Shaalan was placed by armed force on the afternoon of Saturday, June 30, 1920, and a number of British soldiers were killed, and this event was promised A direct reason for the revolution to spread to the rest of the central Euphrates regions and from there to the rest of Iraq.
Najaf clan sheikhs and dignitaries met with clerics such as Muhammad Ali Bahr al-Ulum, Abdul Karim al-Jazaery and Jawad al-Jawahiri on the first of Sha’ban 1338 AH corresponding to April 2, 1920, and Najaf became a center for coordinating and leading the revolution and delivering that revolution to the rest of Iraq’s other regions.